In a briefing, Mapa said inflation in September last year was at 6.9 percent.
Core inflation, which excludes volatile oil and food items, however, was down to 5.9 percent from 6.1 percent in August.
Mapa said the higher headline inflation rate during the month was primarily brought about by the higher year-on-year increase in the heavily-weighted food and non-alcoholic beverages at 9.7 percent from 8.1 percent in the previous month.
The main contributor to the higher inflation of food and non-alcoholic beverages was the faster increase in the prices of cereal and cereal products with an inflation of 14.1 percent from 8.3 percent in August and meat at 1.3 percent from -0.1 percent the previous month.
For rice alone, inflation went up to 17.9 percent from 8.7 percent in August.
Mapa said transport, with an inflation rate of 1.2 percent from 0.2 percent in the previous month, also contributed to the uptrend of the headline inflation.
Year-to-date, headline inflation settled at 6.6 percent which is still outside the central bank’s 2 to 4 percent target.
Inflation in the National Capital Region (NCR) meanwhile also went up to 6.1 percent from 5.9 percent the previous month.
For areas outside NCR, inflation increased to 6.0 percent from 5.2 percent.
For the bottom 30 percent income households, inflation picked up to 6.9 percent from 5.6 percent in August.
In a separate statement on Thursday, the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) assured that the government will continue to provide support to the most vulnerable sectors while implementing necessary measures to respond to rising prices.
“The government is committed to providing targeted assistance to affected vulnerable segments of the population while food prices remain elevated,” NEDA Secretary Arsenio Balisacan said.
Balisacan said the government, through the Inter-Agency Committee on Inflation and Market Outlook (IAC-IMO), is proactively monitoring the demand-and-supply situation, particularly of key commodities, to give President Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr. and his Cabinet appropriate and timely policy recommendations.
“In line with this, we are closely monitoring both local and global markets in terms of price movement, as they may be affected by the availability of supply or disruptions in the supply chain,” he said.
During the last IAC-IMO meeting on Oct. 3, 2023, the committee recommended extending the lower Most Favored Nation (MFN) tariff rate on rice under Executive Order (EO) 10.
“To address the increasing price of rice and ensure enough supply through timely and adequate importation, the IAC-IMO recommends extending the lower MFN tariff rate on rice until December 2024, but subject to review in July 2024. This policy response must be complemented by efforts to improve the predictability and transparency of issuing the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Import Clearance for rice and all commodities,” Balisacan said.